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Lacework Console - Container Vulnerability

View Vulnerabilities

The container vulnerability page contains open vulnerabilities and previous vulnerabilities that were fixed. To navigate to this page, select Vulnerabilities > Containers in the Lacework Console.

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Lacework only reports on a container image if it has permission to access the image.

Tabs

Buildtime

The Buildtime tab displays images and vulnerabilities that have been found in CI/CD workflows (such as container registries and Kubernetes Admission Controller integrations).

Buildtime tab

Runtime

The Runtime tab displays images and vulnerabilities that are found on active containers.

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Containers can only be identified as Active within container registries that have been integrated with Lacework.

Runtime tab

Statistics / KPIs

When the Runtime tab is selected, statistics are shown that display the following data:

Statistic/KPIDescription
Scanned Active ImagesDisplays the number of images that are actively being used by containers. Active image data is persisted by Lacework during daily re-evaluations, and reports show when an assessment was last run on an image.
Unscanned Active ImagesDisplays the number of images that are actively being used by containers, but have not been scanned by Lacework. Active image data is persisted by Lacework during daily re-evaluations, and reports show when an assessment was last run on an image.
Image Scanning ErrorsDisplays the number of errors that have occurred during scans of images in integrated repositories.
Registry Integration ErrorsDisplays the number of errors seen when Lacework has tried to integrate with a container registry.
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Click on any of these statistics (except Registry Integration Errors) to view the Container Image Information in the Containers Dossier.

Hover over the filter icon to see the active filters that are influencing the statistics.

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Groups

By default, the list displays vulnerabilities that are grouped by image registry. To change how the list groups vulnerabilities, select a different grouping option from the Group by drop-down:

  • Image ID
    • Image Registry
    • Image Repo
  • CVE
    • Package Name
    • Package Namespace

Use the search function at the top of the page to find specific text in any of the details available on the page. You can also click the search field to select values and operators to filter your search (these vary depending on the Group by option).

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Click a field from the search dropdown to apply an operator that helps refine your search (these vary depending on the type of filter).

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For example, when Group by Image ID is active, search for all container images affected by a CVE matching CVE-2016-3709:

console-vulnerability-advanced_search-CVE-2016-3709.png

Filters

By default, the page is grouped by Image ID and the following filters are active:

You can use the following methods to refine the list of vulnerabilities displayed:

  • Use the search function at the top of the page to find specific text in any of the details for all images.
  • Click the filter dropdowns along the top of the page, select your desired matches and then click Show results to make them active. To remove an active filter, deselect the checkbox in the corresponding filter dropdown and then click Show results. You can also click Reset in the filter dropdowns or in the row of filters to reset all filters. You can also click on the tags in the vulnerabilities list to use them as filters.

Fixability

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This filter functions as an AND operator when paired with one or more Severity levels.

For example, Fixability = Yes and Severity = Critical lists images with at least one CVE that is critical and fixable.

Group by Image ID fixability filter definitions:

  • Yes - The images listed contain fixable packages for the vulnerabilities found.
  • No - The images listed contain unfixable packages for the vulnerabilities found.

Severity

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This filter functions as an AND operator when paired with one or more Fixability levels.

For example, Severity = Critical and Fixability = Yes lists images with at least one CVE that is critical and fixable.

Group by Image ID severity to filter results based on the severity of the vulnerabilities found in the container images. Filter based on the following severities:

  • Critical
  • High
  • Medium
  • Low
  • Info

Container Privilege

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Group by Image ID: Runtime tab only.

Group by Image ID container privilege filter definitions:

  • Privileged - One or more privileged containers are using the images listed.
  • Not Privileged - No privileged containers are using the images listed.
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Group by CVE: Available to both tabs.

Group by CVE ID container privilege filter definitions:

  • Privileged - One or more privileged containers are affected by the CVEs listed.
  • Not Privileged - No privileged containers are affected by the CVEs listed.

Policy Assessment

When grouped by Image ID, filter for container images that either:

  • Pass - No container policy violations were found on the image in the latest assessment.
  • Fail - One or more container policy violations were found on the image in the latest assessment.

Scanner Type

Build ID

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Buildtime tab only

Filter for build IDs by using this Group by Image ID filter. Apply an operator (for example: includes) to help constrain your search.

Build Plan Name

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Buildtime tab only

Filter for build plan names by using this Group by Image ID filter. Apply an operator (for example: excludes) to help constrain your search.

CVE

Filter for certain vulnerability IDs (CVEs) by using this Group by Image ID filter. Apply an operator (for example: includes) to help constrain your search.

Hostname

Filter for certain hostnames by using this Group by Image ID filter. Apply an operator (for example: matches) to help constrain your search.

Image ID

Filter for certain image IDs by using this Group by Image ID filter. Apply an operator (for example: does not match) to help constrain your search.

Image Namespace

Filter for certain image namespaces by using this Group by Image ID filter. Apply an operator (for example: ends with) to help constrain your search.

Image Registry

Filter for certain image registries by using this Group by Image ID filter. Apply an operator (for example: starts with) to help constrain your search.

Image Repository

Filter for certain image repositories by using this Group by Image ID filter. Apply an operator (for example: excludes) to help constrain your search.

Image Tag

Filter for certain image tags by using this Group by Image ID filter. Apply an operator (for example: includes) to help constrain your search.

User

Filter for certain users (that are running containers) by using this Group by Image ID filter. Apply an operator (for example: excludes) to help constrain your search.

Package Name

Filter for package names by using this Group by CVE filter. Apply an operator (for example: starts with) to help constrain your search.

When searching for package names on images, the results contain both vulnerable and non-vulnerable packages.

Package Namespace

Filter for package namespaces by using this Group by CVE filter. Apply an operator (for example: ends with) to help constrain your search.

Package Type

Filter by package type by using this Group by CVE filter. Either Operating System or Library.

Affected Version

Filter for affected versions (of packages) by using this Group by CVE filter. Apply an operator (for example: starts with) to help constrain your search.

Fixed Version

Filter for fixed versions (of packages) by using this Group by CVE filter. Apply an operator (for example: includes) to help constrain your search.

Current Version

Filter for current versions (of packages) by using this Group by CVE filter. Apply an operator (for example: excludes) to help constrain your search.

Time Range

To change the time period, select a different one from the drop-down or use the horizontal arrows to move to the next/previous period. Select from the following past periods: hour, day, three days, week, month, or a Custom range.

Only information found during assessment of the specified date range is reported. For example, if 9 days ago a container image was removed from a container repository in the registry and the specified date range is 7 days, this container image is not listed in the table.

Save View

When the page displays your list of vulnerabilities, save the current view by clicking the Save view icon in the top right corner. This lets you access the saved view later through the Open view icon.

When you open a saved view, its name displays in the page title as Container vulnerabilities/view name. Click the icon adjacent to this name to access additional actions such as delete or duplicate.

You can also copy the link to the current view by clicking the Copy link icon. You can then share that link with others so they can see the same view. Note that searches and sorting cannot be saved in views or copied as links.

Charts

Open Vulnerabilities

The chart depicts open vulnerabilities. Hover your mouse over the Open vulnerabilities chart to see the critical, high, medium, and low vulnerabilities for that date.

open-vulnerabilities-chart-sept2022.png

Hover over the filter icon to see the active filters that are influencing the chart.

open-vulnerabilities-filters-applied.png

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The Open Vulnerabilities chart always displays a minimum of one week's results even if the time range is set to less than a week.

Group by Image ID Charts

If you select Group by Image ID/Registry/Repo, a sunburst chart appears in the row for each image name.

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You can click on the image name/ID for more details. A detailed sunburst chart is displayed on the CVE tab.

image_assessment_cve_chart.png

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The numbers of vulnerabilities detailed in the sunburst chart represent only the unique vulnerabilities that Lacework discovers. Because one vulnerability can affect multiple packages, the total vulnerabilities in the list can be greater.

Vulnerabilities List

The vulnerabilities list is below the overview statistics and Open Vulnerabilities chart. The information displayed depends on how the vulnerabilities are grouped.

The vulnerability list allows you to Refresh data, Download CSV, and sort.

Click a tag link to reload the vulnerability list with the tag as the filter.

Download CSV

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The CSV reports are limited to the last month's worth of data and/or the first 5000 rows of data returned from the Lacework API (v2). This is based on the latest assessment.

When grouped by CVE, the Download CSV option provides the Simplified CSV.

When grouped by Image ID, select from three different options for your CSV report (see the following sections below for details).

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Image IDs with zero vulnerabilities are not listed in the CSV report.

Simplified CSV

Your active filters or tags control which Image IDs or CVEs are listed in the CSV report.

  • Group by Image ID: The CSV is indexed by Image ID and provides details about the image and a summary on the number vulnerabilities found (categorized into severity and fixability).

  • Group by CVE: The CSV is indexed by Vulnerability (CVE) ID and provides details on the vulnerability and affected package.

Both types list when the last assessment was performed on the Image ID/CVE.

Detailed CSV

All Hosts are listed in this report regardless of active filters or tags. The report is limited to the first 5000 rows of data returned from the Lacework API (v2).

The Detailed CSV is indexed by Image ID and lists details on all the CVEs applicable to the Image ID in each row.

Custom CSV

Define which type of CVEs are listed in the report by filtering for the severity, fixability, and/or CVE ID(s).

vulnerabilities-custom-csv-options.png

Click Download once you have specified your filters.

The Custom CSV is indexed by Image ID and lists details on the CVEs applicable to the Image ID in each row (depending on which filters you have applied). The report is limited to the first 5000 rows of data returned from the Lacework API (v2).

Group by Image ID

The Group by Image ID/Registry/Repo list allows you to sort by Image Risk, Image Creation Date, Image Repository, Active Containers, or CVE Severity.

When these groups are selected, the list displays the following information:

  • Image risk(default)
  • Image creation date
  • Image repository
  • Active containers
  • CVE severity

Image Assessment Drawer

Click an image name to display detailed assessment results (click the < icon to expand this view to full screen).

Image Assessment - Details

The Details tab contains descriptive information about the image. Click a detail to apply the filter to your list of Vulnerabilities. Click the Image ID tag to filter all active containers with this image.

Image Assessment - CVE (default)

The CVE tab displays a list of vulnerabilities for the image with additional information in columns. This table lets you refresh data, download CSV/PDF, filter, add/remove columns, and search.

Click the filter icon to view the active filters on the table.

vuln-cvetab-interactive-filter-15032022.png

You can search for, add, and remove filters to adjust the list of vulnerabilities displayed in the table.

The available columns in the CVE tab are listed below:

ColumnDescription
VulnerabilitiesDisplays the common vulnerabilities and exposures (CVE) code assigned to this vulnerability by the CVE Numbering Authority. Click the CVE number to view details about the vulnerability, which includes an external link to the tracker page for the vulnerability.
SeverityDisplays the CVE’s severity ranking, which is assigned by the vendor or computed from CVSSv3 or CVSSv2 scores (in that order of precedence).
CVSS ScoreDisplays the CVSS (Common Vulnerability Scoring System) severity rankings score for the vulnerability. For both CVSS 3.x and CVSS 2.0, the severity ranking is a scale from 0 - 10, where 10 is the highest severity. Defaults to CVSSv3 scores or CVSSv2 if v3 scores are not available.
Vulnerability impactDisplays the Lacework risk score for the vulnerability.
Package NameDisplays the operating system package or language package that the vulnerability was found in.
Current VersionDisplays the current version of the package found on the image.
Fix VersionDisplays the version of the package where the issue is fixed when a patch is available.
Introduced in LayerDisplays the Docker file command that applied the package onto the current Docker image. Each Docker container image is made up of a series of layers and each layer is the result of a command.
Image Size (hidden by default)The size of the image affected by the vulnerability.
Image Repo (hidden by default)The repository where the image was found containing the vulnerability.
OS DistributionDisplays the operating system and version that the vulnerability is found in.
Image Layer (hidden by default)Displays the image layer digest (sha256) from where the vulnerability is found.
StatusDisplays a status to state whether the image is affected by this vulnerability. The status will either be VULNERABLE or EXCEPTION.
Package TypeDisplays the type of package that the vulnerability is found in. Either OS or Library.
File PathIf applicable, displays the filesystem path to the vulnerable package source.

Next to the filter icon, click the Select columns icon (Select Columns icon) to show/hide columns.

Image Assessment - Packages

The Packages tab displays a list of vulnerable packages found on the image with additional information in columns. This table lets you refresh data, download CSV/PDF, add/remove columns, filter, and search.

Click the filter icon to view the active filters on the table. You can search for, add, and remove filters to adjust the list of packages displayed in the table.

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Each row in the table displays one vulnerability, so a package may be listed more than once if multiple vulnerabilities are found.

The available columns in the Packages tab are listed below:

ColumnDescription
Package NameDisplays the vulnerable operating system package or language package that was found on the image.
Package Risk ScoreDisplays the Lacework risk score for the package.
Fixable StatusDisplays whether the package fixable or not (whether there is a new or patched version of the package available).
CVEDisplays the common vulnerabilities and exposures (CVE) code assigned to this vulnerability by the CVE Numbering Authority.
SeverityDisplays the CVE’s severity ranking, which is assigned by the vendor or computed from CVSS v3 or CVSS v2 scores (in that order of precedence).
CVSS ScoreDisplays the CVSS (Common Vulnerability Scoring System) severity rankings score for the vulnerability. Hover over the score for the CVSS version. For both CVSS v3 and CVSS v2, the severity ranking is a scale from 0 - 10, where 10 is the highest severity. Defaults to CVSS v3 scores or CVSS v2 if v3 scores are not available.
Current VersionDisplays the current version of the package found on the image.
Fix VersionDisplays the version of the package where the issue is fixed (when a patch is available).
File PathIf applicable, displays the filesystem path to the vulnerable package source.
Image Assessment - Policies

The Policies tab lists any active container vulnerability policies that apply to the image.

Group by CVE

The Group by CVE/Package Name/Package Namespace list allows you to sort by Vulnerability Impact / Package Risk(default), Severity, CVSS Score, Vulnerability ID, or Affected Images.

When these groups are selected, the list displays the following information:

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Use the OS or Library filters if you want to restrict the vulnerabilities list to those types of packages.

CVE Assessment Drawer

Click a Vulnerability ID to display detailed assessment results (click the < icon to view this drawer in full screen).

CVE Assessment - Details

The Details tab contains descriptive information about the vulnerability. Click a detail to filter the vulnerability list based on the detail.

CVE Assessment - Images (default)

The Images tab displays a list of image names where the vulnerability was found with additional information in columns. This table lets you refresh data, download as CSV/PDF, select which columns to display, and search.

The available columns in the Images tab are listed below:

ColumnDescription
Image NameDisplays the image name that the vulnerability was found in. The image name may be presented in the format of repository-name:image-name.
Repository (hidden by default)The repository where the vulnerability was found.
Image Tags (hidden by default)The image tag affected by the vulnerability.
Image IDDisplays the sha256 hash that was generated for this image. You can copy the container image ID to the clipboard by clicking the Copy to clipboard copy_to_clipboard.png icon.
Image Created TimeDisplays when the image was created in the repository.
Last Assessment (hidden by default)When the image was last assessed for vulnerabilities by Lacework.
Active ContainersDisplays the total number of unique and active containers that ran for this image.
Note: Lacework must be integrated with your container registries for these reports.
Image RiskDisplays the Lacework risk score for the image. A higher score indicates more risk/impact from discovered vulnerabilities.
StatusDisplays the vulnerability status of the image. The status will either be VULNERABLE or EXCEPTION.

Vulnerability Continuous Assessment

Lacework continuously reassesses container images for new vulnerabilities. Lacework lets you control what images are continually reevaluated. You can globally override the default option and configure what images should be assessed.

  1. Go to Settings > General in the Lacework Console to display the General Settings page.
  2. Scroll down to the bottom of the page to configure Continuous Assessments.
  3. Under Continuous Assessments, enable Reassess active images to reassess only active images in the past 24 hours.